Banana (Musa paradisiaca)

Banana with great nutritional value

The banana is one of the oldest and best known fruits of the world. It is delicious and seedless and is available in all seasons at a price which is within everybody's reach. It is a very hygienic fruit as it comes in a germ-proof package. Its thick covering provides an excellent protection against bacteria and contamination. The mature fruits vary in sizes and may be greenish, yellow or reddish in color.

Original home of banana is believed to be India and Malaya. The fruit as well as its plant is considered to be a very auspicious in all the religious and social ceremonies in India. In the mythological ages in Europe it is called the 'apple of paradise'. The Greek and Arabian writers referred to it as a wonderful fruit of India. The Malayan soldiers probably took them to Madagascar about the fifth century AD and from there it spread to east coast and mainland of Africa. Later, it was introduced in Western countries and other parts of the world. In India, there are three important banana producing areas - South India, Western India and Eastern India from Bihar to Assam.

The banana is of great nutritional value. It has a rare combination of energy value, tissue-building elements, protein, vitamins and minerals. It is a good source of calories being richer in solids and lower in water content than any other fresh fruit. A large banana supplies more than 100 calories. It contains a large amount of easily assimilable sugar, making it a good source of quick energy and an excellent means of recovery from fatigue.

The banana constitutes almost a complete balanced diet in combination with milk. It contains a high grade protein, which includes three of the essential amino acids. Banana and milk supplement each other in an ideal manner and provide all the needed nutrients to the body.

More Health and Fitness Guide

Visitors Currently Online: 20