Measurement and Conversion

Measurement and Conversion

 

Measurements are determined in many different ways depending on the items to be measured and the

system used. As such, it is important to have equipment for liquid and dry volume measurers for both U.S. and metric,

as well as a variety of scales for accurate measurement by weight. Thermometers should display both Fahrenheit and

Centigrade temperatures.

 

Liquid Measurement | Metric Equivalents | Weights | Linear Measurement

Temperature | Fahrenheit to Celsius

 

Common Temperatures and Conversions

 

Common Abbreviations

Short Long
kg kilogram
gm gram
tsp teaspoon
tbsp tablespoon
c cup
pt pint
gal gallon
qt quart
oz ounce
lb pound
ml milliliter
cl centiliter

Metric Equivalents   Top

US System Metric
1/4 tsp 1.23 ml
1/2 tsp 2.46 ml
3/4  tsp 3.7 ml
1 tsp 4.93 ml
1 1/4 tsp 6.16 ml
1 1/2 tsp 7.39 ml
1 3/4 tsp 8.63 ml
2 tsp 9.86 ml
1 tbsp 14.79 ml
2 tbsp 29.57 ml
1/4 c 59.15 ml
1/2 c 118.3 ml
1 c 236.59 ml
2 c 473.18 ml
3 c 709.77 ml
4 c 946.36 ml
4 qt 3.785 l

 

Liquid Measurement

US Customary System oz. gm. ml.
1/16 cup = 1 tbsp = 3 tsp 1/2 oz. 14 gm. 15 ml.
1/4 cup = 4 tbsp 2 oz. 60 gm. 59 ml.
1/2 cup = 8 tbsp 4 oz. 115 gm 118 ml.
1 cup = 16 tbsp 8 oz. 225 gm 236 ml.
1 3/4 cup 14 oz. 400 gm 414 ml.
2 cups = 1 pint 16 oz. 450 gm 473 ml.
3 cups 24 oz. 685 gm 710 ml.
4 cups 32 oz. 900 gm 946 ml.

Temperature   Top

Fahrenheit (oF.) to Celsius (oC.)

Celsius (oC.) to Fahrenheit (oF.)
Freezer storage -10o F. = -23.3o C. Freezer storage -20o C. = -4o F.
  0o F. = - 17.7o C.   -10o C.= 14o F.
Water freezes 32o F. = 0o C. Water freezes 0o C. = 32o F.
  68o F. = 20o C.   10o C. = 50o F.
  100o F. = 37.7o C.   50o C. = 122o F.
Water boils 212o F. = 100o C. Water boils 100o C. = 212o F.
  300o F. = 148.8o C.   150o C. = 302o F.
  400o F. = 204.4o C.   200o C. = 392o F.

Weights   Top

grams to ounces ounces to grams
1 gm. = 0.035 oz. 1/4 oz. = 7 gm.
5 gm. = 1/6 oz. 1/2 oz. = 14 gm.
10 gm. = 1/3 oz. 1 oz. = 30 gm.
28 gm. = 1 oz. 2 oz. = 60 gm.
100 gm. = 3 1/2 oz. 4 oz. = 115 gm.
200 gm. = 7 oz. 6 oz. = 170 gm.
500 gm. = 18 oz. 8 oz. = 225 gm.
1000 gm. = 35 oz. 16 oz. = 450 gm.

Linear Measurement   Top

inches to centimeters centimeters to inches
1/2 in. = 1.27 cm. 1 cm. = 3/8 in.
1 in. = 2.54 cm. 2 cm. = 3/4 in.
2 in. = 5.08 cm. 3 cm. = 1 1/6 in.
4 in. = 10.16 cm. 4 cm. = 1 1/2 in.
5 in. = 12.7 cm. 5 cm. = 2 in.
10 in. = 25.4 cm. 10 cm. = 4 in.
15 in. = 38.1 cm. 15 cm. = 5 3/4 in.
20 in. = 50.8 cm. 20 cm. = 8 in.

 

Fahrenheit to Celsius   Top

Fahrenheit Celsius
32o F 0o C
40o F 4.4o C
50o F 10o C
60o F 15.6o C
70o F 21.1o C
80o F 26.7o C
90o F 32.2o C
100o F 37.8o C
110o F 43.3o C
120o F 48.9o C
130o F 54.4o C
140o F 60o C
150o F 65.6o C
160o F 71.1o C
170o F 76.7o C
Fahrenheit Celsius
180o F 82.2o C
190o F 87.8o C
200o F 93.3o C
225o F 110o C
250o F 120o C
275o F 135o C
300o F 150o C
325o F 165o C
350o F 175o C
375o F 190o C
400o F 205o C
425o F 220o C
450o F 230o C
475o F 245o C
500o F 260o C
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